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Warmth pumps might help you reduce your environmental footprint.


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Owners searching for an energy-efficient resolution to to conventional furnaces and air conditioners could also be focused on a heat pump — a kind of heating and cooling system that may assist you to lower your expenses whereas additionally minimizing your environmental footprint amid the climate crisis

Warmth pumps do not burn fossil fuels, and for these residing in milder areas, they might be an awesome resolution in your heating and cooling wants. This is every little thing it is best to learn about how warmth pumps work, the totally different varieties of warmth pumps obtainable and the place to purchase them, and easy methods to service these energy-saving machines. 

How do warmth pumps work?

A warmth pump is a kind of residence heating and cooling system that makes use of assets like water and air to control the temperature. It is like an air conditioner, nevertheless it has a built-in heating system, too. Warmth pumps are put in outdoors your private home.

Utilizing electrical energy and refrigerant, a warmth pump is ready to flip cold air into sizzling air through the winter, and sizzling air into chilly air through the summer time. It does this by redistributing the warmth within the air or floor, and heating it or cooling it with refrigerant as wanted. 

The usual warmth pump has a number of components:

  • Outside unit: Geared up with a coil that powers evaporation in heating mode and condensation in cooling mode.
  • Indoor unit: Consists of each a coil and fan to flow into air all through your private home. 
  • Refrigerant: A sort of fluid wanted to soak up and launch warmth as essential to hold the system working.
  • Compressor: A pressurizing agent to arrange the refrigerant to be used.
  • Reversing valve: Controls the path of the refrigerant in your system, permitting you to modify between heating and cooling modes.
  • Growth valve: Controls the motion of refrigerant within the warmth pump. 

The Division of Vitality reviews {that a} warmth pump can prevent approximately 50% in electric costs, in comparison with electrical resistance heating methods, like furnaces and baseboard heaters.

Various kinds of warmth pumps

Warmth pumps are extra environmentally pleasant as a result of they’re powered by pure parts, like air, water and earth. There are three various kinds of warmth pump methods: air-to-air, water-sourced and geothermal.

Air supply

An air supply warmth pump system makes use of the air outdoors your private home to switch warmth inside. These are notably notable for dehumidifying areas, extra so than conventional central air-con methods, which might additionally save on power and cooling prices. 

Air supply warmth pumps are a well-liked choice thoughout the US right this moment. Although these warmth pumps have been beforehand not an choice for colder climates, the know-how has advanced considerably lately, and plenty of methods are actually in a position to sustain with the added calls for of a Northern winter. If your private home doesn’t have any ducts, there’s a ductless warmth pump choice often called a mini-split warmth pump as effectively. 

Water supply

As an alternative of utilizing an out of doors fan and coil, a water supply warmth pump system makes use of a warmth exchanger. These methods nonetheless use refrigerant, turning water into gasoline after which into water. With an ongoing movement of water, the system makes use of a loop system to both cool or boil as wanted to create the optimum temperature in your residence. 

Floor supply

Floor supply methods, also referred to as geothermal heat pump systems, use both a floor or water supply for energy, transferring warmth to your private home. They will cut back your power use by as much as 60% with added humidity controls, and provide a versatile format that works throughout a wide range of totally different houses based mostly on issues like your property’s subsoil and panorama.

Floor supply methods are a dearer choice to purchase upfront, however have vital financial savings in power prices long run. 


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Where to buy a heat pump

You can buy a heat pump from a major retailer or through a professional installer.

Heat pumps are available from retailers like these:

  • Home Depot
  • Lowe’s
  • Walmart
  • Sears
  • Tractor Supply

Pricing may vary, so it is always a good idea to shop multiple retailers to find the best deal for your new heat pump.

How to install a heat pump

Once you purchase your new heat pump, it comes time for installation. A heat pump comes with several parts that require exact precision during installation. Handling refrigerant can also be unsafe for the average homeowner.

Don’t worry — you have several options for professional installation. Most retailers offer installation for your purchase at an additional cost, although this may be contracted out to a third-party provider. 

You also have the option to hire an independent installation company. If you choose to hire someone for installation, be sure to find a licensed professional for the job. You can find a local installer by checking local ratings and reading reviews from past customers on sites like Google and Yelp.

How to maintain a heat pump

Although energy-efficient, heat pumps still require maintenance to ensure proper function. Here are some basic ways to maintain your heat pump for extended use:

  • Clean filters regularly, changing as needed. 
  • Occasionally clean outdoor coils.
  • Perform basic maintenance, according to your manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Remove items from around your system so it can function properly. 
  • Power down the fan to clean as needed. 

Many professional HVAC companies offer one-time or regular maintenance packages to assist with your heat pump. 

Be warned: A poorly maintained heat pump could cost you. According to the Department of Energy, if you don’t keep up with your pump’s working needs, it could cost up to 25% more in energy costs, so it is important to make sure that your heat pump is always in top working order.

Heat pump warranties

When you buy a new heat pump, most models come with a warranty. 

Heat pump warranties

Manufacturer Warranty types
Amana • Lifetime limited warranty with free replacement for compressor failure
American Standard • Base limited manufacturer’s warranty • Registered limited manufacturer’s warranty • Registered limited warranty transfer option • Optional extended warranty
Carrier • Limited warranty
Lennox • Basic • Extended limited warranty
Luxaire • 10-year parts limited warranty • Lifetime compressor limited warranty • Extended labor warranties • Extended warranties
TempStar • Standard • No Hassle Replacement limited warranty
Trane • Limited • Optional extended warranty
York • Standard • Extended warranty with factory-backed service

Ask your retailer or dealer about what warranty options exist for your heat pump so you can be sure your family is protected, no matter what.

Final takeaways

As the world continues to witness the growing effects of climate change, it has brought renewed attention to the reduction of harmful emissions in the US. Heat pumps are one way to reduce dangerous fossil fuels while also lowering energy costs. Improved technology today has even made it possible for homeowners in more extreme climates to enjoy the cost savings and environmental benefits that heat pumps have to offer. It’s just a matter of which one is right for you.



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